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Copper | Health Benefits | Symptoms of Deficiency

The basic characteristics of copper

Copper (Cu) is a microelement in red color which together with iron, zinc, selenium belongs to the group of essential trace elements which are very important for the normal functioning of organic systems.

The body maintains a perfect balance of copper and is very effective in controlling levels of copper in the body. 

Over 50% of copper in the human body enters into the composition of muscle and bones; the rest is distributed to other organs. The highest concentration of copper has liver, brain, kidneys and heart.

The interaction between copper and iron is extremely important, because the absence one of the elements leading to dysfunction in the process of the formation of hemoglobin, which is known to bind oxygen and transmits it to each cell. 

The presence of iron is always looking for the presence of copper to maintain normal metabolism of hemoglobin, and in order to avoid the appearance of anemia.

What are the best sources of copper in food?

To a deficit of copper in the body rarely comes, except in special cases, because the optimal doses of copper are consumed through foodstuffs. 

Entering and the needs of the body for copper are very small, in trace; therefore there is no wonder that the deficiency of this mineral is rarely.

Characteristics of copper are possibility to make the deposition or creation of reserves in the liver

In this way, if a deficit of copper occurs in the body, copper depots in the liver are activated and empty to compensate deficiency.

Followed plants that we often consume can be managed as a good source of copper :

- Nuts
- Seeds, sesame, sunflower
- Green vegetables
- Black pepper
- Cocoa
- Blueberry, currant
- Plums, cherries, cherry
- Raisins
- Cereals, barley
- Olives
- Beans, peas, lentils
- Potato
- mushrooms

Foods of animal origin that are good sources of copper include

Foods of animal origin that are good sources of copper include:

- Offal (liver and kidney)
- Seafood (mussels, clams, oysters, lobster)
- Meat
- Fish, mackerel

It has been proven that the daily requirement of copper is 0, 9 milligrams or 900 μg / day.

What are the Health Benefits of Copper?

- Copper is a precursor to the creation of hemoglobin in the blood; in the intestine, copper allows easier absorption of iron from food and incorporation into erythrocytes.

- Copper owns the role  in the regulation of blood pressure; it strengthens blood vessels and prevents arrhythmias.

- The role of copper in the functioning of the nervous system is also important.

- The presence of copper in the body is important to create calcification of bones, strengthen tendons and joints. 

It is believed that the copper could be used in the therapy of rheumatoid arthritis and scoliosis.

- For healthy looking skin and skin pigmentation the copper is charged. 

It affects the formation of the two components of the skin - collagen and elastin. 

Copper also affects the healthy appearance of hair.

- Copper also has the antioxidant power, which protects the body from free radical which can make only harm.

- The role of copper is in strengthening the immune system, as the main base of the overall health of the man.

How to recognize the deficit of copper in the body?

As already mentioned a lack of copper in the body rarely comes because the food is rich in this trace element and the liver is the main depot of copper.

Copper deficit occurs slowly, because a large quantity stored in the liver. It takes a lot of time to exhaust all reserves so that in healthy individuals normally food deficits have been observed.

However, certain conditions, such as a genetic disease, Menken’s disease, Wilson's disease in children, sometimes celiac disease, can be accompanied by a deficit of copper.

The main symptoms of copper deficiency in the body are irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, hair loss, feeling of weakness and exhaustion; 

* in babies, it may be notice slower growth, anemia, diarrhea, pallor and the very visible veins. 

* Lack of copper can lead to poor immunity, and there are often present symptoms of infection. 

* How the lack of this mineral causes irregular function of the nervous system, so the visible symptoms of the same irregularities appearing as irritability, impaired concentration, and feelings of buzzing and ringing in the ears.

* Physiological deficit of copper may occur in infants who are not fed with breast milk, as well as in newborns.

Like the deficit of copper is danger to health, so the copper excess can be harmful to human body either.

Excess consumption of copper as well as all other metals is toxic and can lead to poisoning, but overuse of copper is very rare because the copper in food is present in very small quantities.

Poisoning with copper is often associated with the preparation or storage of food in copper pots.

Pregnant women and women who use oral contraceptives are prone to excess copper in the blood.


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