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Chromium | Health Benefits | Food sources

Basic characteristics of chrome


Chromium belongs to the group of trace elements. Chromium is also an important mineral in the maintenance of health and normal functioning of the organism. Like other minerals from the group of trace elements, chromium’s daily needs are small, but very significant.

Chromium although it belongs to the group of trace elements, is also an important mineral in the maintenance of health and normal functioning of the organism. Like other minerals from the group of trace elements, chromium’s daily needs are small, but very significant.

Input mode of chromium is commonly through food that is rich in this mineral. 

However, the fact that spoils the impression is bad resorption of chromium in the intestines, so that a very small amount is extracted from the food and passes into the bloodstream.

Also, another important thing if we want to really bring sufficient quantities of chromium is - as much as possible to use the food in its raw form, because thermal processing of food significantly reduces the amount of chromium.

The exact daily amounts of chromium to enter through food are not exactly defined – it is recommended about 300-600 micrograms (0.3 - 0.6 milligrams), while in the elderly, this concentration increases, because this group of people usually have deficit of chromium.

On the presence of chromium in plants, affects  land on which they grow, so some of  the individual regions of the world will reporting a deficit of chromium in food, while another country whose land is rich in chromium, have a lower percentage of people with chromium deficiency.

Metabolic nature of chromium is that chromium excreted through urine, and that is stored in the blood and hair.

What foods contain chromium?


As good sources of chromium are taken:


- Grains (in integral form)
- Yolk
- Liver
- Cheese
- Meat (beef, poultry meat)
- Beer yeast
- Oysters
- Wheat bran and wheat germ
- Pepper
- Thyme
- Broccoli and green vegetables

What are the most important roles of chromium in the body?


1. The role of chromium in the regulation of insulin


As one of the most important role of the chromium is the enhancement of activity of the hormone for the regulation of blood glucose levels - insulin

When there is enough chromium, there will be enough insulin and glucose metabolism will be normal.

When the level of glucose is in the normal range, it will meet the needs of the cells with the necessary energy and the whole system will function properly.

However, in the event that some of the factor is absent, there will be disturbances in the metabolism of sugar and disturbances in the energy metabolism of cells, which entails retention and the utilization of surplus sugar in fats and excess weight.


2. The role of chromium in the regulation of cholesterol


Chromium possesses significant metabolic role in regulating cholesterol levels. 

It is known that there are two types of cholesterol - good and bad, and the deposition of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels over time will developed atherosclerosis, stroke, embolism and infarction.

Therefore, the presence of chromium in the body is important for preserving the health of the heart and blood vessels, as it is found that in heart patients, especially in old age appears deficit of chromium in the body.

What circumstances affect the absorption of chromium?


Alcoholism, long-term diets, pregnancy, increased physical activity, infection, psychological trauma and stress can cause the loss of chromium from the body. 

Some medications can also adversely affect the absorption of chromium, for example, "antacids" (drugs that neutralize stomach acid).

Infections and physical trauma increases the intake of chromium; a strenuous exercise, increase the excretion of chromium which may increase the possibility of lack of chromium in the body.

What are the symptoms of chromium deficiency?


Symptoms of chromium deficiency may be high levels of fat and cholesterol in the blood, and symptoms resembling diabetes such as glucose intolerance, weakness, depression, weight loss, thirst and hunger, frequent urination.

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